RESOLUTION ON PERU
The member parties of the Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 3-4 April 2006, welcome the presidential candidature of Alan García, leader of the Peruvian Aprista Party, APRA, a full member of the SI and which groups different progressive social and youth forces.
We express, furthermore, the hope that APRA and members of its alliance will be elected to national government at the next election on 9 April, to generate better living conditions for the majority of Peruvian families and to overcome the social stagnation caused by the neo-liberal policies practised in recent decades since the Fujimori dictatorship.
We undertake to closely follow the campaign in this sister country, confident that this electoral process will reinforce the democratic system in the region, consolidating a progressive force, far removed from any extremism or fundamentalism which is so damaging for our peoples.
RESOLUTION ON ELECTIONS IN MEXICO
The Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 3-4 April 2006, was informed of the electoral process underway in Mexico and which will be concluded on 2 July 2006, with the election of the President of the Republic and all the seats in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate of the Republic, as well as the Head of the Government of the Federal District and various other State Governors.
The Committee takes note that the two Mexican member parties of the Socialist International have presented presidential candidates and that the government of Vicente Fox and his party have been leading a dirty tricks campaign.
The Committee views these manoeuvres with concern and will carefully observe the Mexican electoral process so that the popular will is respected, and at the same time calls for these discrediting campaigns to be stopped.
The Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean agrees to send an observer mission of the Socialist International to the Mexican elections, to be present before and during the 2 July polls.
CALL FOR THE NON-INTERFERENCE BY DIPLOMATIC REPRESENTATIVES
IN ELECTORAL PROCESSES
The Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 3-4 April 2006, calls on the diplomatic representatives of different nations in the hemisphere to maintain the norms of non-participation and neutrality during the electoral processes currently underway in the region.
In relation to this matter, we remain concerned in particular about the repeated interventions of the United States Ambassadors in the electoral processes in Central America, as is the case in the Republic of Nicaragua.
RESOLUTION ON PUERTO RICO
The Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 3-4 April 2006, reaffirms its support for the Puerto Rican people’s inalienable right to free determination and independence and its solidarity with the Puerto Rican Independence Party, PIP.
The Committee welcomes, along with the PIP, the historic step forward made by the formal acceptance on the part of the United States government that Puerto Rico continues to be a territorial possession subject to the full sovereign powers of the US Congress. This political conclusion was made in a document issued by the White House on 22 December 2005, entitled the Report of the Inter-Agency Task Force on the Status of Puerto Rico, as requested by President George W Bush, in which it is also recommended that Congress approve legislation which will allow the people of Puerto Rico to overcome their current colonial situation.
In this way, the government of the United States has accepted the denouncements and the calls against political subordination, made not only by the PIP and the Socialist International over many years, but also by the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonialisation.
This encouraging development towards the decolonialisation of Puerto Rico is not only the result of ongoing demands by the international community, but also a consequence of the far-reaching changes brought about by the end of the cold war and the challenges facing the United States with respect to Latin America and the Caribbean at the beginning of the XXI century. It responds, furthermore, to the consensus which exists among the people of Puerto Rico on the need to move on from the current territorial situation, which has been the subject of unanimously approved resolutions by the Puerto Rican Legislative Assembly.
All the political parties in Puerto Rico have expressed their desire for the US Congress to approve legislation attending to the issue of status and there is already a draft prepared which has received the support of more than a hundred members of the House of Representatives.
The Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean offers its solidarity to the PIP in its efforts to ensure that, in line with the recommendations of the White House Report, the Congress consult Puerto Ricans on whether they wish to leave behind their current colonial situation and choose between alternatives which are not territorial.
The Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean agrees to be present at the United Nations Special Committee on Decolonialisation next June, when it will hear testimonies on the case of Puerto Rico, in order to manifest the commitment of democrats in Latin America and the Caribbean to the cause of independence for Puerto Rico.
The Committee also agrees to lend its support and solidarity to the Independence Party’s plan to convene and carry out a Latin American Congress in support of the decolonialisation and independence of Puerto Rico this year. It also urges member parties, through their best offices, to ensure that their respective governments and parliaments work in favour of the cause of the independence of Puerto Rico, an issue which constitutes an incomplete chapter in the liberation project of Simón Bolivar.
The political parties, members of the Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 3-4 April 2006, welcome the historic victory of Michele Bachelet and her politics of equality.
Keeping in mind that countries which have made advances in relation to the political participation of women are those which have taken measures for positive action,
1) to support parliamentary initiatives aimed at increasing the presence of women in all areas of decision-making, as is the case of the recent draft law presented in Uruguay.
2) to achieve equal opportunities in regional and world meetings so that the effective presence of women in all parliaments and party positions of responsibility is assured.
DECLARATION BY SI URUGUAYAN AND ARGENTINIAN PARTIES
The Argentinian and Uruguayan member parties of the Socialist International, meeting in Montevideo, concerned at the situation which has arisen between the two countries over the installation of cellulose processing plants on the Uruguay River, proposed the following declaration to the Committee:
The Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 3-4 April 2006, declares:
1) that both countries must deploy all their efforts through diplomatic means to find a rapid and definitive solution to the conflict which will protect the fundamental rights of all the citizens in the region;
2) that the right to sustainable development with work and distribution of wealth is compatible with full rights to health and a clean environment;
3) that both peoples, united historically and culturally by neighbourly ties, deserve an urgent response which returns tranquillity to the region, in order to continue working together towards a common identity of MERCOSUR, reaffirming the strategic value of regional integration.
New Space - Socialist Party of Uruguay
Radical Civic Union - Socialist Party
MESSAGE OF SOLIDARITY AND SUPPORT TO THE
NATIONAL UNIION FOR HOPE, UNE, OF GUATEMALA
1. The member parties of the Socialist International Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean, meeting in Montevideo, Uruguay, on 3-4 April 2006, welcome the presence of the National Union for Hope party, UNE, represented by a delegation headed by its Secretary General, Alvaro Colóm Caballeros.
2. Given the anti-neo-liberal stance of the UNE, physical threats and aspersions on the moral integrity of the party’s leader have been made, as well as hounding and political persecution, for which this meeting expresses its solidarity with this party and its leaders and calls on the members of the Socialist International to pay constant attention to the Guatemalan political process, which, day by day, is opening the way towards the first electoral victory for social democracy in Guatemala in fifty years.
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